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In particular is its use of myth and folklore.
By looking at What Mythology is, the categories of Mythology, the regions of major myths, some of the key players of myths, and finally the similarities of the cultures.
In preliterate societies oral literature was widely shared; it saturated the society and was as much a part of living as food, clothing, shelter, or religion. In barbaric societies, the minstrel might be a courtier of the king or chieftain, and the poet who composed liturgies might be a priest. But the oral performance itself was accessible to the whole community. As society evolved its various social layers, or classes, an elite literature began to be distinguishable from the folk literature of the people. With the invention of writing this separation was accelerated until finally literature was being experienced individually by the elite (reading a book), while folklore and folk song were experienced orally and more or less collectively by the illiterate common people.
In Funk and Wagnalls Standart Dictionary of Folklore, Mythology, ..
The penalty for transferring norms into premises and ideal goals into a conditions is a limited range for research and theory. Past folklore scholarship paid its dues twice over. The diversity and richness that folklore is was confined by the constraints that the notions about it imposed. The study of traditions in villages flourished, but the equivalent activities in cities went unnoticed. Anonymous tales and songs. were avidly recorded; stored, an& dissected, but-- equally entertaining songs and stories, whose authors were alive and known, were ignored as irrelevant. Other attributes- became frames for interpretation. The relationship between expressions and the community has been and is a major paradigm for analysis. The implicit irrationality of ideas found in tales and metaphors has been the only basis for their explanation andhas opened the gate to a slew of psychological interpretations. Significant as they are, these notions have blocked the way for alternate modes of explanation, directions of research, and construction of theories. They have pre-defined and identified the substance and the problems of study, silencing the expressions and the people themselves. In recent years the clouds of a premises have begun to disperse. Still, with a sense of innovation and intellectual rebellion, Hermann Bausinger (1961) expounded upon folk-culture in a technical world ( and American folklorists gathered to discuss (Paredes and Stekert, 1971). But these are recent developmenin whicscholarly traditions yield to the demands of reality. Throughout the formative years of folklore study and in the many years that followed, the attributes of the idea of folklore dictated the conception of its substance and the limits of its research. They became unchallenged premises and assumptions which were taken for granted.
"And they lived happily ever after," popular wisdom notwithstanding, isnot the standard ending for European folktales. English fairy tales, it istrue, often end with this formula, but stories from continental Europerarely promise their heroes and heroines everlasting life. If their futurelife is mentioned at all, it will most likely be with a generality such as"and they lived happily until they died," or possibly with the absurdlysafe promise that "if they have not died, they are still alive."Continental European folktales neither promise their leading characterslife without end nor do they treat death as a taboo, to be mentioned onlywith euphemisms and with great caution. Death is as much a part of life inEuropean folktales as are birth, marriage, and parenting. Like these otherevents, it can be painless (even fulfilling) or wrought with conflict andgrief. There is probably more folklore emanating from mortals' response todying and death than any other human experience. Mythology, religion,civilization, and science all offer their explanations and their aid tothe dying and to the survivors, and we want more. Folklore too has addedits voice in helping us to cope with the inevitable and ultimately theunexplainable final chapter.
Essays on Russian Folklore and Mythology…
In that sense, folklore withstands the test that language has failed. While modern discoveries about animals clearly demonstrate that some master the rudiments of language communication (e.g., whales sing), so far neither monkeys nor rats have been caught telling legends to their infants. But the universality of folklore is not confined to the formal basis alone. The themes, the metaphors, and the subjects of stories, songs, and sayings of peoples who live in countries remote from each other and who speak completely unrelated languages exhibit a high degree of similarity that history could not explain. Migrations, contacts in war and peace cannot account for the common features that the tales and poems of native Australians, Africans, and Americans share. All include stories of gods, of creation and of destruction; all tell about marvelous events, beings and places; and all dwell upon the supernatural, the extraordinary, the absolute, and the incongruous. Their metaphors relate to nature, beliefs, and societies, and their songs celebrate victories and lament failures in the struggle for survival Often, similarities are even more striking when the same narrative episodes and verbal or visual images appear in the expressions of unrelated peoples.
On the other hand, folklore not only contains survivals of these primitive lethal actsagainst the aged, but it also celebrates old people's wisdom and calls fortheir continuing care. This ambiguity reflects a fragility in therelationship between the generations that his been with humankindthroughout all of recorded history. Hanns Bächthold-Stäubliexplains this apparent cultural contradiction by giving a doubledefinition of the word "old." In the more primitive stages, he claims,"old" designated people between 35 and 60 years of age, and these indeedwere given special status and privilege. However, once a person becamesenile and could no longer contribute to family and society, he was pushedfrom his position of honor, and even executed or abandoned.
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Essays on Russian Folklore and Mythology
This combination is shown by how a child first lesson is folklore, and these children are thought tons of myths and legends of the wild beasts that roam the wilds at night.
offers a variety of folklore and mythology texts, ..
My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives.
Folklore and Mythology - Forgotten Books
However, one who believes that has only a limited understanding of the role of mythology in culture, because myths “are not childish stories or mere pre-scientific explanations of the world, but serious insights into reality.” This is because mythical themes help explain cultural norms, and how various cultural groups approach major issues like sex, death, marriage, childbirth, and war....
Essays on Russian folklore and mythology / By: ..
According to the above premises, the mythology of all nations not only tells about but the dawn of humanity. It incarnates the commonality in all communities and voices the primordial expression of man. In its fundamental forms folklore emerged before human diversity developed and thus embodies the most rudimentary forms of verbal and visual symbols. The primariness of folklore has historical and evolutionary aspects. Historically, folklore allegedly dates to time immemorial, and, hence, at its original stage, preceded any known recorded history. When man hunted and gathered his food, or even when he began to farm the land and to herd his cattle, without quite mastering writing, he already narrated and sang tales and songs. The folklore of the world, it is hence assumed, abounds with symbols, themes, and metaphors that pertain to the beginning of human civilization and could shed light on the dark corners of history which no other document could illuminate. The forms of folklore are thus regarded as the cores at the hearts of artistic forms. They are the primitive, crude expressions out of which the literary, visual, and musical cultural heritage of the peoples of the world has emerged. Folklore comprises the symbolic forms at the base of the complex expressions of literate societies.
and other essays on folklore, mythology and literature / By
Each of the following topics, selected from a list at the lower left side of the site's index page, yields a number of folklore texts: African, Americana, Australia, Buddhism, Celtic, Egyptian, England, Greek/Roman, Hinduism, Judaism, Legends/Sagas (includes the ), Native American, Pacific, and Tolkien.
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