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Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle: The Big Three in Greek Philosophy

1. Allegory of the Cave Dark City is a perfect illustration of the Allegory of the Cave, which is presented by Plato in the form of dialogues between Socrates and Glaucon.

Plato and Aristotle began the quest to find the answers thousands of years ago.

Plato uses the dark of ignorance and the light of the accent into true knowledge to paint a picture of an individual’s rise to the understanding of true reality....

plato republic essay Free Essays and Literary Fruit WordPress com

Basically, reality became a debate between Plato's two worlds and Aristotle's single world reality.

Foremost, to comprehend these images such as the “divided line” or Plato’s forms, one must be able to understand this allegory and all of its metaphors behind it....

Plato became an enthusiastic and talented student of Socrates and wrote famous dialogues featuring his teacher verbally grappling with opponents. Our wrestler believed in the pre-existence and immortality of the soul, holding that life is nothing more than the imprisonment of the soul in a body. In addition to the physical world, there is a heavenly realm of greater reality consisting in Forms, Ideals, or Ideas (such as Equality, Justice, Humanity, and so on).

1 compare and contrast Plato and Aristotle

Secondly, Plato and Aristotle contrast in their view of what knowledge we possess at birth.

Another area of Greek achievement is theater. Plays began to become important in ancient Greece and two types of plays which were written and performed were comedies and tragedies. A comedy in ancient Greece was usually a play that marked or made fun of a certain topic, person, or group of people. One famous comedy writer was Aristophanes. He wrote the plays The Birds and Lysistrata. An tragedy in ancient Greece usually dealt with a moral or social issue, human suffering, and almost always ended in disaster. Three famous Greek tragedy writers are Aeschylus, Euripides, and Sophocles. Aeschylus wrote the play The Oresteia, Euripides wrote the play Medea, and Sophocles wrote the plays Oedipus the King and Antigone. One of the most famous out of all of these plays was Antigone. It was written in about 441 B.C. and was about a girl named Antigone who defies the king's orders and buries her brother, who was killed while leading a rebellion. In this play, many Greek values were expressed which is also the purpose of most western civilization plays today (to express certain values). Also, the ideas of comedies and tragedies are used in western civilization except expanded and twisted around a little. A lot of famous play writers today are also inspired by the works of play writers from ancient Greece.

The most important areas of Greek achievement were math and science. They achieved all kinds of things in the areas of psychology, astronomy, geometry, biology, physics, and medicine. In astronomy they formulated the ideas that the sun was 300 times larger than the earth, the universe was composed of atoms, and they calculated the true size of the earth. Someone greatly involved in astronomy was Aristotle. In geometry, ancient Greeks found the value of pi, and a man named Euclid, who wrote the book Elements around 300 B.C., theorized that if two straight lines cut one another, the vertical, or opposite, angles shall be equal. In physics, the lever and pulley was invented along with a force pump which eventually evolved into a steam engine. Important people in this area were Archimedes and Pythagoras who were two of the many influential Greek citizens. Ancient Greece has definitely made many influential contributions to western civilization.

Thirdly, Plato and Aristotle hold contrasting views on the mechanism of finding the truth.
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Aristotle vs Plato - Difference and Comparison | Diffen

I will then compare and contrast my idea of truth, to that of Plato’s truth, from his ideas in “Allegory Of The Cave.” First of all we have, what is truth to me.

Compare and contrast Aristotle’s and Plato’s conception

Firstly, Plato desired to show that we might not figure out true reality, how Socrates said: “Human beings living in underground den, which has a mouth open towards the light and reaching all along the den”, as an example, we may say that we are unenlightened, and when somebody understands some new things we do not believe him and...

Compare and contrast Plato and Aristotle on well-being

Plato's The Allegory of the Cave describes, through a conversation between Socrates and his student Glaucon, cave dwellers who see only shadows of puppets on a wall....

Compare and Contrast Aristotle and Plato at …

Plato was a classical Greek philosopher and one of the top 5 contributors to Western philosophy, educator after his mentor, Socrates and teacher of Aristotle.

Comparison between Plato and Aristotle; similarities and differences

Since the study of history in the West is commonly held to begin with Herodotus of ancient Athens, it is not surprising that we should examine the historical views of leadership through the eyes of two titans of Greek thought: Plato and Aristotle....

Compare and contrast Plato and Aristotle

A key theme in Aristotle’s thought is that happiness is the goal of life. Aristotle was a good deal less other-worldly than Plato. He voluntarily went into exile from Athens when conditions became a bit politically dangerous for him, in his words, “lest Athens sin twice against philosophy.”

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